H.R.5912 – Close the ILC Loophole Act 117th Congress (2021-2022) |

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H.R.5912 – Close the ILC Loophole Act 117th Congress (2021-2022) |

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Shown Here: Introduced in House ()

(a) In general .-Section 2(c)(2)(H) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 1841(c)(2)(H)) is amended by inserting after “similar institution” the following: “which has been approved to receive deposit insurance from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation on or before (or has an application to receive deposit insurance pending before the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation where such application was made on or before , or has had such an application approved), and”.

(1) I N GENERAL.-With respect to an industrial loan company, industrial bank, or other similar institution that, on the date of enactment of this Act, has an application to receive deposit insurance pending before the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that was submitted on or before , the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation-

(B) may only approve such application by a 2 ? 3 vote of the members of the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(2) 2-YEAR DEADLINE FOR APPROVING APPLICATION .-If the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation does not approve an application described under paragraph (1) before , such application shall be deemed to have been denied.

(1) I N GENERAL.-With respect to a company that has control over a covered industrial loan company which has been approved to receive deposit insurance from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation after (the “parent company”), the primary financial regulatory agency of such parent company may-

(A) conduct such examinations of, and obtain reports from, the parent company or any subsidiary of the parent company (other than a bank) as the agency determines necessary or appropriate to assess the parent company’s or subsidiaries’-

(B) impose any conditions or restrictions on the parent company or any subsidiary of the parent company (other than a bank), including restricting or prohibiting transactions between the parent company or subsidiary and any depository institution subsidiary of the parent company, if such conditions or restrictions would promote the safety and soundness of the parent company or any of its depository institution subsidiaries.

(A) C OVERED INDUSTRIAL LOAN COMPANY.-The term “covered industrial loan company” means an industrial loan company, industrial bank, or other similar institution that-

(i) on the date of the enactment of this Act, is described under section 2(c)(2)(H) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956; and

(ii) has an application to receive deposit insurance from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation approved after , and before the date of enactment of this Act.

(i) has the meaning given that term under section 2 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; and

(ii) with respect to a company that does not have a primary financial regulatory agency under clause (i), means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

(C) O THER DEFINITIONS.-The terms “bank” and “depository institution” have the meaning given those terms, respectively, under section 2 of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956.

The Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 1841 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 5 the following:

“(a) In general .-The Board shall have the same authority to require a parent company of an industrial loan company to make reports and submit to examinations as the Board has with respect to a bank holding company.

“(b) Parent company of an industrial loan company defined .-In this section, the term ‘parent company of an industrial loan company’ means a company that has control over an entity that-

(a) In general .-Except as provided in subsection (b), the appropriate Federal banking agency shall disapprove a change in control, as provided in section 7(j) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)), of an industrial loan company.

(B) is the result of the acquisition of control of the industrial loan company by a company that was an affiliate of the industrial loan company on , through an internal corporate reorganization of a company that directly or indirectly controlled the industrial loan company on that date;

(C) results from an acquisition of voting shares of a publicly traded company that controls an industrial loan company if, after the acquisition, the acquiring shareholder (or group of shareholders acting in concert) holds less than 25 percent of any class of the voting shares of the company; or

(D) will be controlled, directly or indirectly, by a firm subject to consolidated supervision by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System as a-

(iii) foreign bank treated as of , as a bank holding company under the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.); and

(2) that has obtained all regulatory approvals otherwise required for such change of control under any applicable Federal or State law, including section 7(j) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)).

(1) A PPROPRIATE FEDERAL BANKING AGENCY.-The term “appropriate Federal banking agency” has the meaning given that term under section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813).

(2) I NDUSTRIAL LOAN COMPANY.-The term “industrial loan company” means an industrial loan company, industrial bank, or other similar institution.

(a) Study .-The Comptroller General of the United States shall carry out a study on the effects of industrial loan companies, industrial banks, and other similar institutions on the U.S. economy, including the effect on competitiveness, market structure, and different industries.

(b) Report .-Not later than the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall issue a report to the Congress containing all findings and determinations made in carrying out the study under subsection (a).

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